Born in Tehran in 1938, Cosroe Chaqueri finished his early education at Alborz College in the same city before going to San Francisco State University, where he received, in 1961, a B.A. in economics. In 1964 he received his Master's degree in the same field, before embarking upon his doctoral studies at the Sorbonne in 1973, where he received his degree in history in February 1980. In the meantime, as a student, he had been active in the Human Rights movement of Iran of the 1960-70s and published a series of historical documents on Iran's 20th-century, 23 volumes in Persian and 10 in European languages. He has also translated some classical works into Persian. His major analytical publications are:
- The Russo-Caucasian Origins of the Iranian Left. Social Democracy Modern Iran, Curzon Press, London, 2000; Univ. of Washington Press and Univ. of British Columbia Press, Seattle and Vancouver, 2001, 400 pp.
- Armenians of Iran: The Paradoxical Role of a Minority in a Dominant Culture, Harvard University Center for Middle East Studies Monograph Series, Harvard University Press, Cambridge (MASS), Jan. 1998, 410 pp.
- The Soviet Socialist Republic of Iran, 1920-1921: Birth of the Trauma, Pittsburgh University Press, Pittsburgh, 1995, 650 pp.
- Beginning Politics: The Reproductive Cycle of Children's Tales and Games in Iran, Lewiston (NY) 1992, new edition, 1996, 263 pp.
- Un Prince iranien rouge en France. Ouvres et vie de Iradj Eskandari, vol. I, Mazdak/Antidote, Florence/Tehran, 2002
As visiting professor, Mr., Chaqueri has taught at UCLA, DePaul University (Chicago), and has been a research scholar at W. Wilson International Center for Scholars, Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Harvard and Chicago universities; he was also Assistant-Editor of Encyclopaedia Iranica (Columbia University). He currently teaches at Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.